Works Carried Out by NDMF Nepal
NDMF Nepal has carried out several significant programmes in DRR in the country. A few of the major activities are listed below:
National Interaction Workshop on Mainstreaming CCA into DRR
NDMF Nepal in collaboration with AAN organized a national workshop on mainstreaming climate change adaptation into disaster risk reduction in 2010. The aim of the workshop was to interact on the issues of mainstreaming of CCA into DRR and consolidate the issues. The workshop recommended several ideas in mainstreaming climate change adaptation and DRR in development planning: land use planning needs to be addressed to reduce extreme rainfall impacts; cultural ecology need to address; resources should be allocated in trickle down model to mainstreaming CCA and DRR in development; CCA and DRR are complementary and supplementary functions, it needs to address research base on the facts of changes; climatic hazards should be re-addressed from different perspective like sustainable infrastructures; sensitization programme should also be in district and VDC level; the thematic groups of NAPA need to take a strong coordination to address DRR issues; funding mechanism and integration of local practices and knowledge in scientific theory and knowledge are the linking areas of CCA into DRR; the mitigation and prevention components of DRR can be addressed through regeneration of ecosystem services by using win-win approach likely PES; effective with sufficient lead time of warning need to be addressed in preparedness and response; promotion of community level water management; make provision of emergency health care and livelihood diversification; implementation of the building codes with respect to floods and climatic hazards; enhance the capacity of all the water-induced disaster related institutions.
National Workshop on Climate Change Adaptation and Climate Disaster Risk reduction
NDMF initiated to interlink climate change and DRR through workshops and networking. This workshop was held to sensitize the linkage of climate change adaptation and climatic disasters to the DRR and CCA Communities in collaboration with AAN, DPNet Nepal, and LWF Nepal in Kathmandu in 2008. There are two crucial findings from the workshop: existing coping mechanisms to DRR are not sufficient to adapt to impacts of climate change in future in the country; and mainstreaming of disaster risk reduction measures and adaptation to climate change in development programs is a sustainable idea in reducing impacts of climate change in the country. The workshop recommended some ideas in relation to CCA & DRR: research on climate change vulnerability contexts sector-wise; need a mechanisms for knowledge and information management system and its dissemination system from national to community and vice-versa; an inventory need to be prepared of impacts of climate change related information and community practices; incentives to community should be promoted in all the climatic sensitive sectors; research on climate risk hazards mapping; integrated watershed management system should be promoted; promotion of alternative energy sources in power generation; massive plantation and affectation in community and national forest; sector-wise analysis to climate change contexts should be done and the recommendations should be reflected in NAPA with funding collection and mobilization mechanism sector wise at all levels; land use policy should be formulated and promoted to implement at all levels; need to increase hydro-meteorological data and its strengths are applicable; knowledge on climate change issues should be expanded to community levels particularly in natural resources users committee like water and forest users committees; integrated flood risk management including early warning system should be promoted; research on agro-biodiversity and bio-diversity should be promoted; climate change issue should be included in school curriculum and also recommended that acts and policies relevant to climate change should be made soon; need to mobilize VDC budget to aware on climate change issue; development partners should be made integration approach to integrate disaster risk reduction measures and adaptation to climate change into development projects and programs.
Collaboration in Research Grants
NDMF Nepal collaborated with research grantee Mr. Deepak Paudel Chairperson of the organization. Mr. Paudel was awarded the research grant from the ProVention Consortium’s program for Applied Grants for Disaster Risk Reduction II in 2005/06(www.proventionconsortium.org). The research focused on the title ‘Community based risk reduction in rural Nepal: a case study of Ratu River watershed’. The study highlighted community based methodologies for the risk reduction in the rural areas of Ratu River watershed.
National Workshop on Preparedness and Early Warning Networking System for the Mitigation of Natural Disaster
NDMF Nepal in collaboration with SAP Nepal, AAN, ITDG (now Practical Action) and UMN organized national workshop on preparedness and early warning networking system for the mitigation of natural disaster in 2005. The aim of the workshop was to share initiation, challenges and opportunities in the development of hydro-meteorological forecasting including early warning networking system among disasters management stakeholders and communities. The workshop made several recommendations: assessment of existing early warning system; integration of community and science based early warning systems; development of early warning policy and guidelines in order to address risks to floods and landslides.
NDMF Nepal in collaboration with the Study Team, led by Prof. K. B. Thapa, for the Ratu Watershed Project engaged in the facilitation sensitization of the outcome of the project among the community of the watershed in 2004. The project was led by ICIMOD with the financial support of UNESCO to encourage regional collaboration in the study and sharing of mitigation measures on floods as well as river systems and the interaction between the mountain and plains. The specific objective of the study was to prepare flood hazard, risk and vulnerability maps and to identify an appropriate disaster preparedness and mitigation plans for Ratu Watershed.
Participation in SARRC Summit
NDMF Nepal attended the South Asia People’s Summit for People’s SARRC (PSPS) that was organized by South Asia Partnership Bangaladesh at Dhaka, Bangladesh on 5-6 February 2005. The summit was held to discuss and address people’s issues and concerns. Issue regarding natural disaster was one of the key agendas in the summit. Mr. Deepak Paudel, Chairperson of the organization has been invited in the programme. Mr. Paudel led thematic issue- Natural Disaster in the programme. The paper-Hydro climatic Disaster: Concerns and Issues in Nepal presented by Mr. Paudel have been published in the Thematic Commission Report, South Asia Peoples Summit 2005(http://www.sapint.org). In this regard, the organization is grateful to South Asia Partnership International (SAPI), South Asia Partnership Nepal (SAPN) and the organizer for their kind invitation and valuable contribution.
Capacity Development Porgramme
NDMF Nepal in collaboration with Water Induced Disaster Prevention, Divisional No. 2 under DWIDP, GoN 2003 carried out capacity development programme. Several activities focused on the Users Groups of Kamala and Ratu River, Dhanusha were successfully completed in the programme : community based river management trainings, exposures visits, skill training in River Training, sensitization training about the importance of bioengineering in the river training works and watershed management. Several lessons learned from the programme: the integration programme should be carried out in up and down stream in the watersheds; the capacity of the local community should be strengthened about river training works and river management; Collaborative approach need to be promoted in river management.